Moskovskiy Komsomolets v Daghestane
The last Saturday of June (26) is the International day of inventors and innovators. In connection with this date one name is recalled willy-nilly. What name? Of course, it is Hamid Khalidov. He has been written about a lot, and nevertheless, let us recall him once again, especially because there is a reason for that.
He is the author of more than 100 scaled industrial inventions, 92 patents; he is widely known not only in Russia, but also far beyond its borders. But our conversation will not be about persons, about the person as such (though Hamid Khalidov undoubtedly deserves it), about the paradox of a fact that perspective projects, promising huge profits, are unclaimed. The projects that have been calculated, that are definitely scientific, having the business-plans, and approved at various scientific forums. Khalidov's ideas have already been implementing… in the USA, for example.
And what about Daghestan, the native land that Khalidov wants to help by haunting the thresholds of various ministries and authorities for last years? Moreover, Khalidov offers a disinterested help, demanding in exchange neither money, nor appointments. It turns out that nobody needs it. Why should a director of any factory, for example, arrange the production of the postphone - a unique means of essentially new high-speed type of mail service? Because it is much easier to lease factory territories for another market and receive rental payment. But then somebody should call himself a director of market, but not of plant. It is sad to state, but in Russia as a whole and in Daghestan especially there is no infrastructure for implementing unique projects. That is why these projects are implemented not here, alas.
And this takes place when the innovation activity has been declared at the state level as one of the priority directions of science and economy development. At the joint session of the Security Council and the State Council, concerning a state of affairs in the innovation field, that was held on the 24th February, 2004, the Russian President Vladimir Putin said that in spite of the certain success in some directions, the Russian economy as a whole remained mainly oriented at raw material resources. Russia keeps less than one percent of the global market of high technology products.
The enormous scientific potential has been accumulated in the country; there are skilled specialists and perspective beginnings practically in all spheres of modern technologies. "But still we are not able to efficiently enjoy this natural competitive advantage, which has been creating by several generations of scientists and engineers," - emphasized the head of the state. Why aren't we able? How is that, we can invent, but we can't enjoy the results of our inventions. A seditious thought involuntarily is arising: are there any certain forces that do not allow the implementation of such economically perspective projects? It is not just idle curiosity, you know. After all, it is a problem of economic security of the state. In fact, there are a lot of similar cases both in new and in the newest history of the country.
Let's consider just one example. Already in 1998 Hamid Khalidov invented his first transport trimaran - ledovoz intended for the transportation of ice from Antarctica (the project "Alive Water"). After this Hamid Khalidov has created an absolutely new trend in shipbuilding, has created a new class of ships named "transport trimarans - transtrims".
Since December 1998 till July 2001 Hamid Khalidov patented 31 construction of ships - transport trimarans - transtrims. These are ledovozes (ice-carrier ships), trimarans with various ways of cargo handling, trimarans on hydrofoils, trimarans of "river-sea" class, ice-breaker trimaran, aircraft-carrier trimaran, trimarans-submarines. Hamid Khalidov has also patented 21 methods of using the features of transport trimaran design. Among them there is a method of raising a sunken submarine by a transport trimaran and many other. Khalidov has also patented a flotation means - "barcon" and a means for rescuing the submarine crew. In the field of shipbuilding Khalidov has made 54 inventions in all.
Despite the active campaign for promoting the "transport trimarans" in the country, participation in more than 10 scientific forums and conferences, demonstration in the Russian exposition at the world exhibition "Expo-2000" (Hanover), Khalidov's inventions have not received support from the Russian Government and the Ministry of Transport. By the way, the press has made an adequate contribution to the promotion of the great scientist's ideas. For example, here is one of the citations.
Transport of Russia, ¹ 47, 20-26.11.2000
Transport of Russia, ¹ 47, 20-26.11.2000
But such newspaper statements simply remained a voice crying in the wilderness. Perhaps, "Khalidov's transport trimarans" are perceived as fiction, but there was another opinion in the Academician Kryilov Institute, Kuznetsov Naval Academy and Central Design Office "Rubin" (Saint-Petersburg) to which in 2000 Khalidov was invited to give reports and where he received support. The Kryilov Institute has offered its service in designing of ships, and the Design Office "Rubin" has offered 50 disarmed atomic submarines to be used as side hulls of transport trimarans. But the Russian Ministry of Transport, where in October, 2000 the project was discussed, refused to support the project, although a number of outstanding scientists appealed for it, including Deputy Director of the Kryilov Institute Mr. Spiro.
By the way, speaking of the Design Office "Rubin". They have efficiently comprehended and implemented Khalidov's idea of raising the atomic submarine "Kursk". Those, who remember the raising of "Kursk" and are familiar with Khalidov's invention, will see a principal similarity of the technology offered by Khalidov with the technology that has been used to raise the submarine. But nobody has even thanked Khalidov, not to mention a reward. But still it makes glad that at least one invention of our fellow countryman has been applied.
In the mean time abroad they have been developing transport trimarans. Even the term "transport trimaran" is successfully used in the international shipbuilding community.
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